Epson EpiqVision Mini EF12 4 1 1080P 3LCD Laser Projector
  • Performance
  • 4
  • Features
  • Ease of Use
  • Value
  • Laser projector with very good light output for its size
  • Great color accuracy in Natural color mode
  • Yamaha-tuned built-in speakers are some of the best in a projector
  • Android TV interface is easy to use
  • High black level and mediocre contrast
  • HDR feature is inconsequential
Our Take

The Epson EpiqVision Mini EF12 combines 1080p resolution, good light output, and a great sound system in a relatively compact package. It’s what we look for in a portable lifestyle projector.

EF12 front

There's a desired sweet spot for lifestyle projectors all manufacturers are looking to attain, and all consumers are looking to buy. This ideal lifestyle projector would have a small form factor, maintenance-free operation, an easy-to-use streaming interface, built-in speakers that fill the room with sound, a clear and color-accurate image with great light output and excellent contrast—all in a box that costs next to nothing. It's a tall order, but the development of solid-state light sources available at decreasing costs is getting us closer to that reality. Current projectors usually need to trade off or compromise one of those features for another—the BenQ GS2 projector is compact but is only 720p and its LED light source has limited brightness, while the Epson EF-100 laser projector is nice and bright with essentially the same resolution, but is larger and rated for fewer hours of life.

Enter the Epson EpiqVision Mini EF12—a 1080p (1920x1080) 3LCD laser projector with a smallish chassis, decent light output, and built-in stereo speakers that are tuned with Yamaha's AudioEngine DSP technology. It's designed to stay portable while still offering great performance without being too complicated.


LED technology has dominated the sub-$1,000 solid-state projector market for a few years because of its low cost, but rarely have they been able to output 1,000 lumens (and those that claim a higher ANSI lumens output even more rarely actually hit that number). In 2019 and 2020, laser light source projectors started to become a more viable option in the consumer market, with several high-brightness models getting released from major manufacturers. The Epson EF12, though, is the only one under $1,000 that outputs at least 1,000 ANSI lumens and has a native resolution of 1080p. (Optoma has two projectors rated at 4,000 ANSI lumens that are a bit more expensive—the $1,099 ZH403 conference room projector and the $1,199 HZ39HDR for home theaters.) The EF12 also accepts 4K signals and downconverts them to output at its native resolution.

EF12 lifestyle1

The MicroLaser light source of the EF12 slightly exceeded its ratings of 1,000 ANSI lumens in our measurements (a full chart for all color modes can be found below). Pairing it with Epson's 3LCD technology—which separates the white laser light into red, green, and blue light for dedicated imaging chips—allows the EF12 to deliver equal white and color brightness. And since the 3LCD chips split the light, a color wheel isn't necessary and there is no chance of the rainbow effect possible with 1-chip designs. The light output of its most color-accurate Natural mode is bright enough to hold up to some ambient light, but if you have trouble controlling daylight in your room you'll need to switch to the cyan-tinted Dynamic mode (more on this below in the Performance section).

An elevated black level—that's more evident when the lights are off—leads to mediocre overall contrast. There's a dynamic contrast option that helps a bit when scenes switch between bright and dark locales, but the projector lacks some dimensionality because of the black level. This is an issue for all lifestyle projectors around this price and, truthfully, they're meant for temporary, casual setups and not critical home theater enthusiast viewing. In those situations the tradeoff is justifiable. HDR10 and HLG signals are accepted by the EF12, although there's no light output increase from SDR to HDR and HDR performance is less than impressive. Again, this isn't unexpected for a projector at this price targeted at this application.

Many lifestyle projectors to date rely on the Aptoide platform for streaming apps, which is a dreadful choice. Thankfully, the Epson EF12 instead uses Android TV, which is easy to set up and integrates with Google Assistant. It comes with apps like Disney+, YouTube, and Hulu pre-installed. Almost any additional app your heart desires can be downloaded and installed from the Google Play store, but Amazon Prime Video is currently not one of them; Epson says it will be added to the projector via a pushed firmware update by the end of March. In the meantime, Chromecast is supported for casting content from your computer or mobile device, so casting from the Prime Video app is an easy solution for Amazon video content.

If you want to connect a source with a cable, there are two HDMI ports (one with ARC). A USB connector can be used to attach and play files from a storage device and a mini USB port is there for service. If you want to connect a external speaker, there's a 3.5mm audio out along with the HDMI ARC connection, although it isn't really necessary with the EF12. The built-in stereo speakers are tuned with Yamaha's AudioEngine and, for a small enclosure, they're some of the best I've heard in a lifestyle projector. Obviously they don't have deep bass response, but they are reasonably full-sounding and they get suitably loud without distorting or the highs becoming too piercing, all while having good dialogue intelligibility. All the connections are on the side of the projector, so if you want to, you can rest it on its back and project an image on the ceiling to watch while lying down.

EF12 Remote

The EF12 is a relatively small and light projector, measuring 6.9 inches square, 5 inches high and weighing 4.7 pounds. The front foot extends to change the height of the image, and there's auto keystone correction (on an image with a diagonal of 100 inches or less). Of course we recommend to stay away from any keystone correction if possible as it can negatively affect resolution and brightness, though convenience is often the key consideration with this kind of projector. An auto focus feature works very well in just a few seconds whenever the projector is moved. There's an optional mounting plate if you want to mount the projector on the ceiling.

All necessary functions are easily accessible on the EF12's remote control. At 1.75-inches wide and just under 6-inches long, it's a good size—not too bulky, but not too small either so the buttons are of a decent size and spacing. At the top are buttons to access the different inputs and apps—including a dedicated button for YouTube. A built-in microphone allows for access to Google Assistant by pressing the button directly below the directional pad. There is no backlight for the remote, but the layout is easy to learn after spending a short time with it.

Here's a list of the EF12's key features:

  • 1920x1080 (1080p) native resolution
  • 1,000 ANSI lumens brightness
  • Maintenance-free MicroLaser Light Source
  • Up to 20,000 hours rated life at 100% Light Output
  • 200,000:1 rated dynamic contrast ratio
  • Up to 150 inch image size
  • Accepts and downconverts 4K signals
  • 3LCD design means no rainbows and equal color brightness
  • HDR10 and HLG support
  • Android TV streaming interface with Google Assistant
  • Built-in 5-watt stereo speakers tuned with Yamaha AudioEngine DSP
EF12 lifestyle2


Display Modes. There are five color modes on the EF12—Dynamic, Vivid, Bright Cinema, Cinema, and Natural. Dynamic is by far the brightest (Vivid is the next brightest but still a reduction of 35%). Not unexpectedly, it has a distinct blueish-green tint, although not as egregious as found in some other projectors. The most accurate color mode is Natural, but it's also only 60% as bright as Dynamic.

Calman calibration software from Portrait Displays, an X-rite i1 Pro 3 spectrophotometer, and a Murideo Six-G pattern generator confirmed what my eyes saw. Grayscale in Natural color mode measured at 6700K and had an average DeltaE of 4.5 with only a slight green tint apparent in test patterns in the gray midtones. Primary and secondary color points measured an excellent DeltaE of 2 with red having the highest value of 3.1—still a very good value that's considered virtually indistinguishable from a perfect result. Red was also the most undersaturated of the primary color points, though all were at least a little undersaturated. All other color modes had issues with green (luminance was too high), cyan and magenta (too blue), and blue (oversaturated)—though again, this isn't unexpected for a projector with several modes tuned for non-critical viewing with some lights on. They could be made more accurate by changing the color temperature slider to 7, but that also affects overall brightness.

EF12 top

According to the manual, the Screen Adaptive Gamma setting adjusts the gamma depending on the displayed scene. Visually, the higher the setting, the more washed out the image got. When measured in Natural color mode, a setting of 0 resulted in a gamma around 2.1—an okay value for a room with some ambient light. The higher the slider goes, the lower the gamma gets, and the lighter it makes the dark areas of the image. In Natural mode, a setting of 7 measured 1.85, which dropped to 1.72 at a setting of 12, and 1.54 when maxed out at 20.

SDR Viewing. The auto focus dials in the image very well. If necessary, the focus can be adjusted manually from the menu, but I never had to do any further tweaking once the auto focus had done its job. In the Natural color mode, the skin tones and dust on the Pelennor Fields as the Rohirrim charge the forces of darkness in Return of the King (streamed through the HBOMax app on the projector in 1080p) looked very natural and realistic. The reds and browns that dominate the scene are spot on. Detail on the legs of the Mûmakil as they trampled through the battle was excellent.

LotR Pelennor Fields1
The Epson EF12 did an excellent job displaying skin tones and the dust of Pelennor Fields in Return of the King. (Photo Credit: New Line Cinema)

As Frodo enters Shelob's lair earlier in the film, the shadow detail suffered when in Natural mode as I watched in my living room with the curtains open. Switching to Dynamic gave enough brightness to catch more of the bones and webs that littered the cave, but the eerie light had a distinct greenish tint. Again, it wasn't as overt as I've seen on the brightest mode of other projectors, and is bearable to get the extra detail. Bringing the color temperature slider down to 7 from 9 helped with the color, although at the expense of a little bit of brightness (this is true for all of the color modes). I did need to dial back the EF12's Detail Enhancement control from the Natural mode's default setting of 35 to 15 to get rid of edge artifacts that created an overly artificial, processed look.

When watching the familiar opening of Star Wars: A New Hope on Disney+, the black starfield behind the yellow crawl was more dark gray than black. Shadow detail in things like Darth Vader's suit or the corridor on the Tantive IV where we first see Princess Leia are helped by switching to Dynamic and turning on Dynamic Contrast.

HDR Viewing. The Epson EF12 quickly picks up an HDR signal automatically when one is present. An info bar at the top left of the screen pops up for a short time to confirm the resolution and HDR version (either HDR10 or HLG) of the signal. But unlike some other projectors that include different HDR modes, there isn't anything you can do to fine tune it beyond the same SDR settings.

Comparing the demo material from the Spears & Munsil UHD HDR Benchmark disc shows little to no benefit with an HDR signal. Colors on both HDR and SDR in the Natural color mode look great, but if anything, the bright highlights in HDR look worse than in SDR. When browsing for familiar HDR material to watch on the Disney+ app, the option didn't seem to be available. Honestly, it's no big loss as evidenced by the A/B comparison with Spears & Munsil.


The Epson EF12 might not tick all of the boxes for the ideal lifestyle projector I described above, but there isn't currently a projector that does. And when it comes down to it, the EF12 comes pretty close. It's a nice, compact package that could be easily stored away when not in use or just as easily find a permanent home on a shelf behind the couch. Color accuracy in Natural color mode is very good, especially for a projector under $1,000, and the 1080p detail is excellent when automatically set by the auto focus feature.

EF12 front angle

Sure, the black level is higher than you'll get from a dedicated home theater projector in a bulkier package, but that's not what the Epson EF12 is designed for. I do wish it was a bit brighter to better combat the light during the day—even just a few hundred lumens in Natural mode would be a great improvement. But for its size and resolution, it still puts out more than most, and most viewers this projector is targeted at will find its brighter modes acceptable for the casual viewing it's intended for. Anyone in the market for a portable lifestyle projector would be well served to give the Epson EF12 a look.


Brightness. In Dynamic color mode with its default settings (Light Output 100, Gamma 10, Color Temperature 9, Detail Enhancement 35), the Epson EF12 measured 1,010 ANSI lumens—just above its published ANSI lumens spec of 1,000. The light output of the projector's most accurate color mode setting, Natural, drops 41% to 596 ANSI lumens. Color mode names are shared between SDR and HDR, and the light output is essentially identical from SDR to HDR. Color brightness measured 101% of white.

The remaining display modes measured as follow:

Epson EF12 ANSI Lumens

Dynamic 1,010 1,010
Vivid 650 650
Bright Cinema 590 590
Cinema 594 590
Natural 596 590

Instead of an eco or power saver mode, the EF12 has a light output slider ranging from 50-100% brightness in increments of 5. In Dynamic color mode, the measured light output lines up with the indicated value on the slider with a 0-3% variation.

Epson EF12 Light Output Slider

Light Output Dynamic Color Mode
100 1,010
95 960
90 901
85 848
80 788
75 729
70 679
65 632
60 602
55 556
50 507

Brightness Uniformity. Brightness uniformity measured at 82.5%. There weren't any noticeable hot spots while watching content.

Fan Noise. When running at full power (100 on the light output slider), Epson lists the fan noise level at 27 dB, which is below my living room's noise floor of 33 dB. It emits a slight whine that is perceptible from a couple feet away when nothing is playing, but once any sound comes from the Yamaha speakers the fan noise becomes insignificant.

Input Lag. After turning any extra processing off—or down to its lowest setting—using a Leo Bodnar 1080p lag tester the 1080p/60 input lag on the Epson EF12 fluctuated between 111 and 128 ms. This told me that even with extra processing at its lowest settings, there is still some amount of processing happening that affects input lag. Epson says the Android TV operating system is the key contributor to the lag, which is far too high for anything beyond the most casual of gaming.


EF12 Connections
  • HDMI (x2, one with ARC)
  • USB for storage
  • 3.5mm audio out
  • Mini USB (for service)

For more detailed specifications and connections, check out our Epson EpiqVision Mini EF12 projector page.

To buy this projector, use Where to Buy online, or get a price quote by email direct from Projector Central authorized dealers using our E-Z Quote tool.

Comments (24) Post a Comment
Oliver Webster Posted Feb 25, 2021 2:17 AM PST
Also worth looking at the Changhong M3000 mini personal projector which is v similar but cheaper and has excellent contrast ratio with 8k chipset and fast response times.
Tristan Posted Mar 4, 2021 8:12 PM PST
With the BenQ x1300i only a few hundred more and probably just as portable within the home in practice - but allot more lumens- which would you recommend?
Rob Sabin, Editor Posted Mar 5, 2021 7:41 AM PST
Tristan, that's an interesting comparison. We haven't yet tested or seen the X1300i, so we cannot at this time comment on its image quality or sound quality, which we know is very good for this type of projector on the Epson. But the BenQ has one very strong advantage in its low 8.3 ms latency for gaming -- the Epson has extremely high input lag and really isn't suitable for anything but the most casual gaming on games that don't require fast response time. As for the brightness, that's not so cut and dry. The Epson is rated for ANSI lumens, which we verified, and the BenQ is actually rated with "LED Lumens," for which there is no established standard of measurement. Even though the specs on their website say 3,000 ANSI lumens, that may be in error as their promotional material above that says LED Lumens, and you should know that 3,000 ANSI with an LED projector is a stretch to achieve, though we have seen this in some recent commercial models. Just saying that this is a question mark in my own mind as to what the actual ANSI brightness is, and whether it makes that spec -- which is what's required to make a meaningful comparison of brightness between these two models.
ian lee Posted Mar 10, 2021 1:42 AM PST
Wondering if 4K input improves image quality significantly? Though it is downscaled when displaying, per my previous experience on 720P projector, the image quality is way better when using 1080P input than 720P input.
Rob Sabin, Editor Posted Mar 10, 2021 6:53 AM PST
Ian, from prior experience I do know that some additional detail in a 4K scan of a movie negative as might be done in the production transfer process or in a native 4K or higher capture from a digital camera does often translate when the content is taken down to lower resolution. So viewing native 4K content can have a positive effect, but it has to do with what's inherently in the content.
Salih Posted Mar 28, 2021 3:13 AM PST
Im about to make a decision for gaming(forza-nba-fifa) projector and i really liked ef-12 but i cannot be sure if its gonna handle those games so would you still recommend it ?
Rob Sabin, Editor Posted Mar 28, 2021 7:24 PM PST
Salih, we reported incredibly long lag time on these projectors. In the really noticeable lag category. This is a bad choice for a projector that will be used primarily for gaming.
Jens Erik Bech Posted Apr 15, 2021 5:52 PM PST
I have had it for three weeks and it is amazing. It is like going to the Cinema. It has everything needed for home cinema. Full Android OS, top level. Big picture for small rooms. Auto-keystone so the picture can be placed anywhere on the wall. Sharpness looks like 4K. Build in Chrome cast. Enough light for dim rooms. A little ambient light accepted.
Petko Posted Apr 25, 2021 2:27 AM PST
The Android TV is probably a nice feature. But the execution is quite buggy. The projector doesn't support the already quite old Wifi standards like 802.11ac. It couldn't find any of my 5ghz networks. The lack of netflix app is astounding. I tried chromecasting netflix from my phone and it didn't work. When I use chromecast from my phone browser is hit and miss. A stream that works perfectly on my phone is being laggy on the projector. Maybe because of the oversaturated radio of 2.4ghz wifi it uses. For device which costs almost a thousand euros this is unnacceptable.
Chen Posted May 27, 2021 8:03 AM PST
As its brightness is only 1000. Does it require a dark room to work properly? How about a mediocre lighted room? Thanks.
Rob Sabin, Editor Posted May 27, 2021 9:02 AM PST
Chen,the review touches on the fact that this will hold up to moderate ambient light in its less color accurate bright mode and actually does pretty well in its more color accurate mode as well. 1,000 lumens is more than you get from most small projectors like this, and the fact that this unit is 3LCD and delivers equal color and white brightness also contributes to its overall perceived brightness.
Jeff Posted Jun 19, 2021 12:33 PM PST
In the review you said the input lag is due to Android TV. I'm curious if the measured input lag affects only Android TV or also the other two HDMI inputs?
Rob Sabin, Editor Posted Jun 21, 2021 7:57 AM PST
Yes, Jeff - the measured lag was measured on one of the HDMI inputs. Epson says the relatively high lag is due to the signal processing required to accommodate the Android operating system.
Arthur Ellison Posted Aug 22, 2021 7:04 AM PST
I am interested in utilizing the EPSON EF 12 for chart presentations with my USB drive (flash drive). How would one navigate from chart to chart on the flash drive? Is there a remote control unit that comes with it? Are there rechargeable battery options for the EPSON EF 12?
Rob Sabin, Editor Posted Aug 23, 2021 9:41 AM PST
Arthur, I would suggest that along with reading our review you look closely at the user manual for possible answers to these questions. You should be able to find a pdf download for it along with a spec sheet on our database page for the EF12; click the View Projector Details button on the review page. I'm not aware of any battery option for it.
Roberto Posted Apr 14, 2022 6:42 AM PST
I'm currently using the EF-11 model, I guess same core components of the EF-12 about lamp, LCD panels etc. (the specs look identical). I'm trying to deal with the poor black level adopting a ND filter lens to reduce the overall light on the screen, that improves the contrast in dark scenes. To maximize the brightness, I'm forced to use the Dynamic color mode but that affects the color accuracy. Overall I'm happy about the performance, but the missing black drives me crazy... I also tried a DLP in the same price range but with the same black level problem, and the color wheel generating rainbows. What's your recommended unit for $1000 with color accuracy and OLED-class black levels? Thanks!
Rob Sabin, Editor Posted Apr 14, 2022 7:13 AM PST
Roberto, I'm afraid you are simply asking too much of an inexpensive projector, particularly if you're trying to press what is intended as a lifestyle projector for ambient light environments into performing like a dark-room home theater projector.

My advice would be to look at any of the entry level 1080p theater projectors from Epson if you have a sensitivity to rainbows or also consider in that mix the options from DLP makers BenQ and Optoma, both of whom have a good reputation. Ideally, look for models that have a dynamic iris, which helps shut down the light in dark scenes. The Epson HC2250 reviewed well with us and has that feature.
Tarik Posted Jun 9, 2022 7:08 PM PST
I really wanted to buy the Optoma CinemaX P2 but it turns out I need something smaller in size. I'm looking at the Epson EF12 and the XGIMI Horizon Pro. Anyone have a preference???
Matevz Posted Jul 22, 2022 8:30 AM PST
Does anyone know about this projectors refresh rate? I found somewhere it has 240 Hz refresh rate. Was this visable?
Sathya Posted Aug 20, 2022 1:11 AM PST
I am using this EF-12 projector for the past 9 months. Last week a firmware update was provided with Android TV OS Version 11 and the Firmware Version is V108.
Ahmed Posted Nov 8, 2022 4:17 AM PST
The Epson ef-12 Vs BenQ TH685i Which one u recommend for night movies( not for gaming) I am still impressed by the ef-12 picture and sound quality but still the brightness and refresh rate of the TH685i make my confusion comes more and more
Rob Sabin, Editor Posted Nov 9, 2022 7:19 AM PST
If gaming is not a criteria and you are looking for a projector that will perform well for movies with the lights dimmed, BenQ's HT3550 would provide a better picture than the EF-12, as would any of Epson's own home theater projectors such as the recent HC2350. The EF-12 is very much a lifestyle projector where the solid-state laser light engine and portability/convenience factors outweigh the need for overall image quality.
Jay Posted Jul 10, 2023 4:49 AM PST
Is it possible to side load an app, I am overseas in China and Google is blocked over here.

So I would need to put a VPN on the machine.
Eric Myers Posted Nov 11, 2023 12:18 PM PST
Quick question to an old thread.

I'm wondering if anyone's who may see this question knows if there is motion smoothing that can't be turned off on the EF12?

I tried the JMGO N1 first. I could disable MEMC which stopped the soap opera effect on this but the laser speckle was terrible.

I then tried the XGIMI Horizon. This projector had an equally good picture and the speckle was much less pronounced. There is noticable smoothing (soap opera effect) that can't be turned off at all. I just can't watch a picture like that.

I'm hoping that the Epson EF12 might solve this problem?

Thank you!!

Post a comment

Enter the numbers as they appear to the left